Subtract maximum per row in R

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Suppose you want to subtract the maximum value of each row of a matrix from the respective row. You could do it using a loop like this:

# create matrix
mat <- matrix(rnorm(100),ncol=5,nrow=20)

for(i in 1:nrow(mat)){    #for each row
  row.max <- max( mat[i,] ) #take the maximum of the row
  mat[i,] <- mat[i,] - row.max  #subtract it from the row

I am thinking about a way to do this in a vectorized manner, maybe using max.col() , however, I could not come up with something so far. Any ideas?


answered question

One way could be mat - apply(mat, 1, max)

1 Answer


You can use library(matrixStats) and simply use,

mat - rowMaxs(mat)

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