Overload Resolution for inherited functions

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I want to have a struct that takes an arbitrary number of lambdas and serve as a central calling point for all their call operators.

If the call operator is invoked with an argument list that doesn't match any of the lambdas given on construction, a default call operator should be called.

I thought the following code would accomplish exactly this. The call operator for every lambda is "lifted" into the Poc class via using.

template <typename ...Lambdas>
struct Poc : Lambdas...
    using Lambdas::operator() ...; //lift the lambda operators into the class

    template <typename ...Ts>
    auto operator() (Ts...)
        std::cout << "general call" << std::endl;


//deduction guide
template <typename ...Ts>
Poc(Ts... ts)->Poc<Ts...>;

int main()
    auto l_int = [](int) {std::cout << "int" << std::endl; };

    Poc poc{l_int};
    poc(1);//calls the default operator. why?

    return 0;

When I don't have the default call operator in the struct, everything works as expected (with valid argument lists). If I add it to the struct (as in the code above), the default operator gets called everytime, no matter which arguments I call it with.

In my understanding, the lambda-call-operators and the structs (default)call-operator are present in the same scope. Therefor, they should all be looked at for the overload resolution. Since the lamdba-operator is more specific than the generic default operator, it should be chosen.

Apparently that is not the case. Why is that?

I tested on MSVC, clang and gcc (all in their latest versions).

answered question

1 Answer


Thanks for the MCVE!

It's simple when you spot it: your operator is not const-qualified, while the lambda's one is (unless you define the lambda as mutable). Hence, it is a better match for your non-const instance of Poc.

Just add the missingconst:

auto operator() (Ts...) const

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